The positive impact of british rule on indian economy and political system

The British rule in India for about years left behind it some permanent imprint in the socio-economic, political and cultural life of Indians.

The positive impact of british rule on indian economy and political system

Read this article to learn about the economic impact of British rule in India! A detailed survey of the economic impact of British rule follows: Deindustrialization—Ruin of Artisans and Handicraftsmen: Cheap and machine-made imports flooded the Indian market after the Charter Act of allowing one-way free trade for the British citizens.

On the other hand, Indian products found it more and more difficult to penetrate the European markets. AfterEuropean markets were virtually closed to Indian exports.

The newly introduced rail network helped the European products to reach the remotest corners of the country. The loss of traditional livelihood was not accompanied by a process of industrialisation in India, as had happened in other rapidly industrialising countries of the time.

This resulted in deindustrialisation of India at a time when Europe was witnessing a re-intensified Industrial Revolution. This happened at a time when Indian artisans and handicraftsmen were already feeling the crunch due to loss of patronage by princes and the nobility, who were now under the influence of new western tastes and values.

Another feature of deindustrialisation was the decline of many cities and a process of ruralisation of India. This resulted in increased pressure on land. An overburdened agriculture sector was a major cause of poverty during British rule and this upset the village economic set-up.

From being a net exporter, India became a net importer. The Government, only interested in maximisation of rents and in securing its share of revenue, had enforced the Permanent Settlement system in large parts. Transferability of land was one feature of the new settlement which caused great insecurity to the tenants who lost all their traditional rights in land.

Impact of British Rule in India

There was little spending by Government on improvement of land productivity. The overburdened peasants had to approach the money-lenders to be able to pay their dues to the Zamindars.

The positive impact of british rule on indian economy and political system

The powerful money-lender was also able to manipulate the judiciary and law in his favour. His hardship increased at the time of famine and scarcity. This was as much true for the Zamindari areas as for areas under Ryotwari and Mahalwari systems.

Byhalf the total land in Bengal had passed into new hands. The new Zamindars, with increased powers but with little or no avenues for new investments, resorted to land grabbing and sub-infeudation. Increase in number of intermediaries to be paid gave rise to absentee landlordism and increased the burden on the peasant.

Since the demand for land was high, prices went up and so did the liabilities of the peasant. With no traditional or benevolent ties with the tenants, the zamindar had no incentive to invest in the improvement of agriculture.

The interests of the Zamindars lay only in the perpetuation of British rule and in opposing the national movement. Stagnation and Deterioration of Agriculture: The cultivator had neither the means nor any incentive to invest in agriculture.

The zamindar had no roots in the villages, while the Government spent little on agricultural, technical or mass education.Free words Essay on Positive and Negative effects of British rule in India for school and college students.

India was under British colonial rule from till There were many changes in the policies, economy and various other circles of life that happened in Indian’s life and country in general during British colonial rule.

Free words Essay on Positive and Negative effects of British rule in India for school and college students.

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India was under British colonial rule from till There were many changes in the policies, economy and various other circles of life that happened in Indian’s life and country in general during British colonial rule.

the transport and communication system in the country to facilitate the easy transfer a long era of British political control over India began. The Battle of Plassey was won by the English in Bengal. The British made Mir Jafar, the new Nawab of Bengal, in return for which they receive Impact of British Rule on India: Economic, Social.

colonial rule introduced by the British in India had greater impact on the administrative control system. It was a blend of Indian economy, society and philosophy, the entire India under slavery of .

It took time to spread it all over India. Impact in the area of transport and communication: The East India Company was primarily a trading concern.

Commercial interests guided British policy in India. Though the Company’s political domination increased, its trading interests were never lost sight of.

India had persistently tolerated the British rule for prolonged years, with their everlasting impression been forever etched upon the succeeding Indian citizens.

No decision making: During British rule, Indians had no decision-making or political power in any area.

Impact of British Rule In Indian Politics And Economy | priyanka sen - rutadeltambor.com