The CDC puts these levels of violence in statistical perspective: There was approximately one homicide or suicide of a school-age youth at school per 2.
Causes of School Violence Causes of School Violence School violence is a many-faceted problem, making it difficult for researchers and practitioners to pinpoint its causes.
Many school violence statistics, for example, do not match the norms in our larger society.
Department of Justice, shows that overall crime rates in U. Simultaneously, school-based studies reveal that many violent behaviors have increased among children and adolescents. Department of Education and the U.
Department of Justice, reveals that public schools experiencing violent incidents increased from 71 to 81 percent over a five-year period The same study reports that the percentage of students who reported gang presence at school increased from 21 percent in to 24 percent in Although no direct connection between gang activity and school violence can be established, the initiation of gang activity in neighborhoods and schools does frequently coincide with increased violence reports.
School violence does not limit itself to the student population. Eight percent of teachers say they are threatened with violence on school grounds at least once a month. Two percent report being physically attacked each year. Although the specific incidents of school-based fatalities are too numerous to list, there were 48 school-associated deaths in elementary and secondary schools in one year alone, from July,through June, Statistics indicate that efforts to curb school violence are making some headway sincea high point for school-based violence.
From toviolent incidents occurred less frequently in school than away from school, according to the above listed study by the Bureau of Justice Statistics and the National Education Center.
In the context of school violence, it is critical to recognize that a large majority of young people are not violence-prone, do not have criminal attitudes or criminal records, and can be "demonized" by legislators, the media, and the general public.
Michael Males, a professor at University of California at Santa Cruz, points to another source beyond the attitudes and behaviors of children. Poverty, disownment, and messed-up adults are by far the biggest problems kids face, and the mystery is why only a relatively small fraction of modern kids are acting dangerously.
Most educators and education researchers and practitioners would agree that school violence arises from a layering of causes and risk factors that include but are not limited to access to weapons, media violence, cyber abuse, the impact of school, community, and family environments, personal alienation, and more.
Access to Weapons During the late 's and early 's, teen gun violence increased dramatically in the United States. More teens began to acquire and carry guns, leading to a sharp increase in gun deaths and injuries.
In two recent academic years, a total of 85 young people died violently in U. Seventy-five percent of these incidents involved firearms.
Forty-two percent of students claimed "they could get a gun if they wanted, 28 percent have handled a gun without adult knowledge or supervision, and 17 percent have carried a concealed gun…. Teens can also acquire handguns in illegal sales.
A study by University of California at Davis' Violence Prevention Research Program concluded that "American gun shows continue to be a venue for illegal activity, including unlicensed sales to prohibited individuals.
Following the Virginia Polytech shootings, the U. S House of Representatives passed a measure that would, according to the Los Angeles Times, "streamline the system for keeping track of criminals, mental patients, and others [including youth under 18] barred from buying firearms…" Currently, the bill has yet to pass into law, although many legislators believe the bill will be approved by both House and Senate.Although youth violence rates continue to decrease in the United States, it remains the second leading cause of death for adolescents.
Furthermore, school violence remains a sociocultural concern, especially due to increasing media attention. The main cause of school violence is a combination of weak community relations and a lack of a firm hand within both schools and communities.
To effectively deal with the issue, both of these need addressing. These are some of the sounds that haunt over the schools of the world. Gun shots, terrorized screams, fear, glass shattering, people screaming, all seems to echo throughout the hallways and the streets of these educational institutions.
For measuring school violence, many schools already have a preexisting system that tracks reported violent acts during the school year.
Of course, not all violent acts are reported.
Student self-report measures can also be used to assess violence. It is worth noting, too, that more mundane (and routine) forms of physical violence plague some schools, and non-gun related violence — such as the mass stabbings at Franklin Regional High School in Murrysville, Penn.
— remains a significant issue. Many communication issues can be resolved through advanced policy-setting, heading off minor problems before they become conflicts.