Genetic engineering, altering the inherited characteristics of an organism in a predetermined way, by introducing into it a piece of the genetic material of another organism. Genetic engineering offers the hope of cures for many inherited diseases, once the problem of low efficiencies of effective transfer of genetic material is overcome. Another development has been the refinement of the technique called cloning, which produces large numbers of genetically identical individuals by transplanting whole cell nuclei.
Cloning is the process of creating a genetic duplicate of an individual. Since the February announcement of the birth of Dolly, a sheep cloned by Ian Wilmut, cloning research has increased considerably. Cloning humans has recently become much more of a possibility in society than it was years ago.
Scientists are on the edge of a huge breakthrough in the field of human cloning, and society must ask itself whether or not it should be allowed.
Many arguments can be made for and against human cloning, but since it is unethical and would take away individuality and disrupt social values, the practice of cloning humans is one that government should ban and society should not accept.
Proponents of human cloning may argue that it is just a logical and inevitable advance in science research and technology. It is, however, too risky for human subjects. At the present time, the general consensus of the public is against human cloning.
Fitzgerald 37 Within a few years' time, however, the medical possibilities of human cloning may be attractive enough to change public opinion. Research on human cloning would involve huge risks for the initial clones, because any experiments in human cloning would eventually have to be carried out on human beings.
Human cloning is unethical because the risks of this practice greatly outweigh the benefits. The technique that produced Dolly the sheep was successful in only 1 of attempts. If this technique were attempted in humans, it would risk miscarriages in the mother and severe developmental problems in the child.
Standard medical practice would never allow the use of any drug or device with such little study and without much additional animal research.
National Bioethics Advisory Commission The actual risks of physical harm to the cloned child cannot be certain without conducting experiments on human beings. Cloned children would see themselves not as a person, but as an object that their parents could discard because of imperfection.
A family is no longer a genuine family. Children should be valued for who they are, not according to how closely thy meet their parents' expectations.
If a child were cloned, his life would already have been lived by another human being. Suppose a boy is cloned from a grandparent. The cloned child knows too much about himself because another person in the world is exactly like him. It is unfair for the earlier "twin" to determine the child's life in this way.
Imagine a world in which cloning is permitted and practiced. If people are able to pick and choose the human traits that they find desirable, it could very possibly lead to feelings of superiority that are often linked with racial injustice. NBAC This "genetic selection" was practiced by Adolf Hitler and the Nazi party and the world saw the horrible effects of his desire to improve nature.
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Human cloning poses a huge risk to society and nature. It is unethical and unacceptable, inappropriate and intolerable. Society should not reduce itself to cloning of humans for its own benefit. Cloning would produce many more problems than improvements.
The course of life should be left up to nature, the way it has been since the beginning of time. Opposing Viewpoints Series Biomedical Ethics -- including: Where Do We Draw the Line?Free Term Papers on Cloning available at rutadeltambor.com, the largest free term paper community. the other form of cloning and consists of approximately what the first term implies.
Once an embryo develops, the attempt is made to“split” it, which yields not multiple halves, but. If you need a custom term paper on Biology: Cloning, you can hire a professional writer here to write you a high quality authentic essay.
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There are many reason why cloning should be condoned On the one hand it is true that. What has started out as thoughts and ideas about human cloning written down on papers, are now ideas that are being turned in to live experiments preformed in the labs. also created uncertainty over the meaning of "cloning" - a term traditionally used by scientists to describe different processes for duplicating biological material.
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