The intertwining of everyday life and computation, along The ability to record and share such data has created a criti- with a new generation of inexpensive digital recording de- cal moment in the practice and scope of behavioral research. Such ubiquitous the whole answer, since many researchers already feel that data collection has an exciting potential to augment human they are drowning in data.
Object Handling with Contemporary Craft Objects: An Observational Study of an Embodied, Social and Cognitive Process This study focuses on the ways that people interact around contemporary craft objects. The study focused on the relationship between The study focused on the relationship between the perceptual language used by participants and the ways in which they interacted with the objects.
The analytical approach taken here begins with close observation and careful description of single cases and working towards valid generalisations rather than imposing an interpretation from the outset by explicitly positing a hypothesis. Six pairs of women were invited to participate in object handling conversations in an art museum setting.
The conversations were recorded using digital video cameras. Analysis treated interaction as an embodied process and drew on work, which interprets interaction the outcome of social and cognitive processes. We found that the interplay of language and action shifted fluidly throughout the conversations.
Not all actions were verbally expounded on and these could only be interpreted tentatively. Utterances could change the meaning or purpose of an action without any apparent change in the dynamics of the action.
When attending a complex quality, such as the material nature of an object, the relationship between language and action was correspondingly complex. Participants used a variety of frameworks to understand the objects and these shaped the qualities of the objects that they attended to.Supporting An Integrated Paper-Digital Workﬂow for Observational Research Nadir Weibel, Adam Fouse, Edwin Hutchins, and James D.
Hollan Distributed Cognition .
Workflow, loosely defined, is the set of tasks—grouped chronologically into processes—and the set of people or resources needed for those tasks, that are necessary to accomplish a given goal. An organization’s workflow is comprised of the set of processes it needs to accomplish, the set of people or other resources available to .
Observational research increasingly involves ﬁne-grained video analysis of activity. Researchers are able to record de-tails of human activity for subsequent off-line analysis and processing.
Nevertheless, the analysis process typically be-gins in the form of activities that researchers undertake in parallel with observation. Such ubiquitous data collection has an exciting potential to augment human cognition and radically improve information-intensive work.
In this paper we introduce a system to aid the process of data collection and analysis during observational research by providing non-intrusive automatic capture of paper-based annotations.
Observational techniques can provide valuable information about clinical workflow. A pilot study using direct observation was conducted in an outpatient chronic disease clinic.
The goals of the study were to assess workflow and information flow and to develop a general model of workflow and information behavior.
Statistics, Biostatistics, Clinical research, Observational Research Analysis using Propensity Score Matching: A Preliminary Guide for Beginners This document does not follow standard publication format and instead presents a brief walkthrough for methods involved in propensity score matched analyses for observational data.