When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission.
Each element should be followed by the punctuation mark shown here.
Earlier editions of the handbook included the place of publication and required different punctuation such as journal editions in parentheses and colons after issue numbers. In the current version, punctuation is simpler only commas and periods separate the elementsand information about the source is kept to the basics.
End this element with a period. Depending upon the type of source, it should be listed in italics or quotation marks. A book should be in italics: A website should be in italics: A song or piece of music on an album should be in quotation marks: Title of container Unlike earlier versions, the eighth edition refers to "containers," which are the larger wholes in which the source is located.
For example, if you want to cite a poem that is listed in a collection of poems, the individual poem is the source, while the larger collection is the container. The title of the container is usually italicized and followed by a comma, since the information that follows next describes the container.
The container may also be a television series, which is made up of episodes. The container may also be a website, which contains articles, postings, and other works. Interview by Gareth Von Kallenbach. In some cases, a container might be within a larger container.
You might have read a book of short stories on Google Books, or watched a television series on Netflix. It is important to cite these containers within containers so that your readers can find the exact source that you used.
Accessed 27 May Other contributors In addition to the author, there may be other contributors to the source who should be credited, such as editors, illustrators, translators, etc. If their contributions are relevant to your research, or necessary to identify the source, include their names in your documentation.
In the eighth edition, terms like editor, illustrator, translator, etc. A History of Insanity in the Age of Reason.Keep your MLA in-text citations brief, clear and accurate by only including the information needed to identify the sources.
Furthermore, each parenthetical citation should be placed close to the idea or quote being cited, where a natural pause occurs – which is usually at the end of the sentence. MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities.
This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook (8 th ed.), offers examples for the general format of MLA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the Works Cited page.
Remember, in-text citations MLA should not have abbreviations, other types of references can. Looking for more information on abbreviations? Check out our page on MLA format. Citation Machine™ helps students and professionals properly credit the information that they use. Cite sources in APA, MLA, Chicago, Turabian, and Harvard for free.
MLA (Modern Language Association) Style uses the author-page method for in-text citations.
This means that when you cite a source, you should always provide both the author's last name and the page number(s) for the source.. There are two ways you'll use other people's words in your work. MLA Format Guide to help you create your MLA citations for all sources.
Learn how to cite a website, cite a book, cite a journal and many others.