The Art and Practice of the Learning Organization.
Not only can this lead us to a wrong conclusion, but it can also cause conflict with other people, who may have drawn quite different conclusions on the same matter. In a fast business environment, you need to make sure your actions and decisions are founded on reality.
The "Ladder of Inference" helps you achieve this. Find out more in this article and infographic. The Art and Practice of the Learning Organization. Understanding the Theory The Ladder of Inference describes the thinking process that we go through, usually without realizing it, to get from a fact to a decision or action.
The thinking stages can be seen as rungs on a ladder and are shown in figure 1.
Printed electronically and reproduced by permission of Pearson Education, Inc. Starting at the bottom of the ladder, we have reality and facts.
Experience these selectively based on our beliefs and prior experience. Interpret what they mean. Apply our existing assumptions, sometimes without considering them. Draw conclusions based on the interpreted facts and our assumptions. Develop beliefs based on these conclusions.
Take actions that seem "right" because they are based on what we believe. This can create a vicious circle. Our beliefs have a big effect on how we select from reality, and can lead us to ignore the true facts altogether.
Soon we are literally jumping to conclusions — by missing facts and skipping steps in the reasoning process. By using the Ladder of Inference, you can learn to get back to the facts and use your beliefs and experiences to positive effect, rather than allowing them to narrow your field of judgment.
Following this step-by-step reasoning can lead you to better results, based on reality, so avoiding unnecessary mistakes and conflict. It can be used to help you analyze hard data, such as a set of sales figures, or to test assertions, such as "the project will go live in April.
The step-by-step reasoning process helps you remain objective and, when working or challenging others, reach a shared conclusion without conflict.
Use the Ladder of Inference at any of stage of your thinking process.
Is this the "right" conclusion? Why am I making these assumptions? Why do I think this is the "right" thing to do? Is this really based on all the facts? Why does he believe that? Use the following steps to challenge thinking using the Ladder of Inference: Identify where on the ladder you are.
Selecting your data or reality? Interpreting what it means? Forming or testing conclusions? Deciding what to do and why? This will help you trace the facts and reality that you are actually working with. As you analyze each step, you may need to adjust your reasoning.
For example, you may need to change some assumption or extend the field of data you have selected. The following questions help you work backward coming down the ladder, starting at the top:The Ladder of Inference.
The ladder of inference was first developed by Chris Argyris and included in The Fifth Discipline Fieldbook by Peter Senge, et.
Al., Doubleday, Ladder of inference– a common mental pathway of inc reasing abstraction, often leading to misguided. Jan 20, · The Ladder of Inference is one of the most effective tools in understanding and explaining why we so often get into conflict and fail to get resolution.
The Ladder of Inference was originally articulated by Chris Argyris and popularized in Peter Senge's book - The Fifth Discipline. If we learn, understand and make conscious out. Ladder of Inference by The Fifth Discipline Fieldbook: Strategies and Tools for Building a Learning Organisation by Peter Senge.
This model is taken from The Fifth Discipline Fieldbook: Strategies and Tools for Building a Learning Organisation by Peter Senge. The Ladder of Inference Model can be used to help individuals recognize the kinds of inferences they are making, the assumptions implicit in these inferences, the conclusions they lead to, and the effects that acting on these inferences have in the individuals’ organizational settings.
Argyris Senge et al automatic thinking - the brain is wired to slip into automatic thinking as we run up our ladder of inference at the speed of thought. Simple, ready made passages with graphic organizers to practice inferencing skills.
The Ladder of Inference is a mental model first described by organizational psychologist, Chris Argyris, and later popularized by Peter Senge in his book, The Fifth Discipline.
The ladder is made up of 7 rungs or stages that outline the rapid process our minds go through to .