Five factors that influence political socialization

After reading this section, you should be able to answer the following questions: How do people develop an understanding of their political culture? What is political socialization, and why is it important? What constitutes a political generation?

Five factors that influence political socialization

What Factors Shape Political Attitudes? The Bush clan shows that politics runs in the family. A common political culture by no means suggests that all Americans think alike. Some are conservative and tend to vote Republican. Some are liberal and tend to vote Democratic. Some have more negative attitudes toward public officials than do others.

These attitudes determine how Americans participate, whom they vote for, and what political parties they support. Many factors — including family, gender, religion, race and ethnicity, and region — all contribute to American political attitudes and behavior. Family Despite family disagreements and generation gaps, children tend to grow up and vote the way their parents do.

Families are generally the first, and often the most enduring, influence on young people's developing political opinions. As people grow older, other influences crisscross the family, and naturally their attitudes tend to diverge from those of their parents.

However, the influence still remains. Logically, the more politically active your family, the more likely you are to hold the same beliefs. Just look at the Bush family.

This relationship is less strong on specific issues — like school prayer, abortion, and welfare programs — but they all hold the same general political views. Gender The Kennedys are one of America's most politically powerful families, claiming members at all levels of government.

Political scientists have noticed some major shifts in gender influence since women first got the vote in Through the s women tended to vote for Republicans. Even though more women voted for Franklin Roosevelt — a Democrat — than for his Republican opponents, they still supported him by smaller margins than did men.

By the s, women began to shift their loyalty to the Democrats. In recent elections women have voted strongly Democratic. Most observers believe that women think the Democrats more strongly support "women's issues," such as equal work, equal pay, and equal legal rights.

Polls indicate that many issues about which women feel most strongly, such as education and health care, are more favorably addressed by the Democratic Party. Does this voting behavior mean that women are likely to vote for female candidates for office?

The evidence doesn't provide any clear evidence that they do.

Five factors that influence political socialization

Religion Religious beliefs often sway the way people vote. The Christian Coalition is a group that has over two million members and represents the view that "people of faith have a right and a responsibility to be involved in the world around them.

Catholics tend to be more liberal on economic issues such as minimum wage and taxes than they are on social issues such as abortion and divorce.

More recent studies have focused on how affiliates of the "Religious Right" differ in their political attitudes and behavior from everyone else.

6 Major Agents of Political Socialization

The religious right tends to support more conservative candidates for public office, and they are more likely to contribute to the Republican Party than to the Democratic Party. This tendency is more clearly associated with social issues such as school prayer, abortion, and divorce, than with economic issues or foreign affairs.

Race and Ethnicity As a general rule, for the past half-century African Americans have been the most loyal Democrats than any other identifiable group. Some experts believe that this loyalty is weakening, but recent elections have confirmed the strong tendency for black Americans to vote Democratic.

What are the factors responsible for the socialization process?

Latinos as a whole have a tendency to vote Democratic, but the relationship is not as strong as it is for blacks.Major Agents of Political Socialization are described below: 1.

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Start studying 4 factors that influence political socialization. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Political socialization can occur because of family, peers, the mass media and many other factors.

3.) We said in class that political socialization is an influence of American political culture, history, and a set of common beliefs.

Citizens who were frustrated about the poor state of the economy and who felt they could influence the political process identified with the Tea Party in the election and worked to elect candidates who promised to deal with their concerns.

Some factors work against the media as agents of political socialization. J. S. and Neal E. Political Socialization Influences.

Like any other subject on which people develop opinions, many factors contribute to a person's political socialization. Socialization as said above is the process of learning group norms, habits and ideals.

There are four factors of this process of learning. These are imitation, suggestion, identification and language. A brief description of these four factors is necessary. Imitation is copying by an individual of.

What are the factors responsible for the socialization process?