Each has a long and distinguished tenure at the University of Memphis, and both provide valuable workforce development and community outreach services for the greater Memphis community as well as important scholarly contributions within their fields. The beautiful, acre campus holds a vibrant future as the home of several health-related schools and colleges where interdisciplinary research initiatives can be further developed and clinical and community services can be expanded. Your continued support provides the necessary resources to inspire the next generation of Dreamers Thinkers Doers. The former site of the Kennedy VA hospital, the acre property at the intersection of Park Avenue and Getwell Roads was transferred from the US Government to the University for educational use in
Briefly outlined, the story recounts the experience of the Israelites under Egyptian enslavement, God's promise to redeem them from slavery, God's punishment of the Egyptians, and the Israelite redemption and departure from Egypt.
The Exodus story has been interpreted and reinterpreted in every era and in every location to suit or challenge cultural norms. In English translations of the Bible, the distinction is sometimes emphasized by translating the word as "slave" in the context of non-Hebrew slaves, and "servant" or "bondman" for Hebrew slaves.
Ephraim Urbacha distinguished scholar of Judaism, maintains that Israelites rarely owned Hebrew slaves after the Maccabean era, although it is certain that Israelites owned Hebrew slaves during the time of the Babylonian exile.
Furthermore, the Torah demands that such former slaves be treated equally to any other resident alien. The majority of current scholarly opinion holds that pressures to assimilate during the late Roman to early medieval period resulted in an attempt by Jewish communities to reinforce their own identities by drawing distinctions between their practices and the practices of non-Jews.
The major change found in the Talmud's slavery laws was that a single set of rules, with a few exceptions, governs both Jewish slaves and non-Jewish slaves.
This included an expanded set of obligations the owner incurred to the slave as well as codifying the process for manumission the freeing from slavery. It also included a large set of conditions that allowed or required manumission to include requirements for education of slaves, expanding disability manumission, and in cases of religious conversion or necessity.
While the Torah only refers to a slave's specific ability to collect gleanings, Talmudic sources interpret this commandment to include the right to own property more generally, and even "purchase" a portion of their own labor from the master. Hezser notes the often confusing mosiac of Talmudic laws distinguishes between finding property during work and earning property as a result of work.
Conditions such as ill-treatment, oral promise, marriage to a free-woman, escape, inclusion in religious ceremony, and desire to visit the Holy Land all required the master to provide the slave with a deed of manumission, presented to him with witnesses. Failure to comply would result in excommunication.
In particular, the Talmud said that Jews should not sell themselves to non-Jews, and if they did, the Jewish community was urged to ransom or redeem the slave.
Goldenberg have analyzed the religious texts, and concluded that those conclusions on faulty interpretations of Rabbinical sources: Goldenberg concludes that the Judaic texts do not explicitly contain anti-black precepts, but instead later race-based interpretations were applied to the texts by later, non-Jewish analysts.
They would have to be manumitted first;  similarly, male slaves could not be allowed to marry Jewish women. The Talmud codified and expanded the list of conditions requiring manumission to include religious necessity, conversion, escape, maltreatment, and codified slaves' property rights and rights to education.
Jewish authorities of the Middle Ages argued against the Biblical rule that provided freedom for severely injured slaves. Biblical rules for treatment of Jewish slaves were more lenient than for non-Jewish slaves    and the Talmud insisted that Jewish slaves should be granted similar food, drink, lodging, and bedding, to that which their master would grant to himself.
In the 19th century, Jewish scholars such as Moses Mielziner and Samuel Krauss studied slave-ownership by ancient Jews, and generally concluded that Jewish slaves were treated as merely temporary bondsman, and that Jewish owners treated slaves with special compassion.
It was part of Saint Benedict's rule that Christian slaves were not to serve Jews. The extent of Jewish participation in the medieval slave trade has been subject to ongoing discourse among the historians.
Michael Toch noted that the idea of a Jewish dominance of or even monopoly over the slave trade of medieval Christian Europe, while present in some older historical works, is generally unfounded. Most European Jews lived in poor communities on the margins of Christian society; they continued to suffer most of the legal disabilities associated with slavery.
Similarly, the Jews of Verdunaround the yearpurchased slaves in their neighborhood and sold them in Spain. Following the suppression of the 66AD rebellion in Judea by the Roman army, many Jews were taken to Rome as prisoners of war.
In Venice, the Jewish Levantine and Portuguese congregations set up a special organization for redeeming Jewish captives taken by Christians from Turkish ships, Jewish merchants paid a special tax on all goods to support it, which acted as a form of insurance since they were likely victims.
Jewish pirates and Barbary slave trade The Jews of Algiers were frequent purchasers of Christian slaves from Barbary corsairs.
Although one slave accused Livorno's Jewish brokers of holding the ransom until the captives died, this allegation is uncorroborated, and other reports indicate Jews as being very active in assisting the release of English Christian captives.
Much of the slave trade followed a triangular route: Jews and descendants of Jews participated in the slave trade on both sides of the Atlantic, in the Netherlands, Spain, and Portugal on the eastern side, and in Brazil, Caribbean, and North America on the west side.
During the 19th century, some Jews owned some cotton plantations in the southern United States. Slavery in Brazil The role of Jewish converts to Christianity New Christians and of Jewish traders was momentarily significant in Brazil  and the Christian inhabitants of Brazil were envious because the Jews owned some of the best plantations in the river valley of Pernambucoand some Jews were among the leading slave traders in the colony.
According to Bertram Korn, Jews accounted for 4 of the 44 slave-brokers in Charleston, three of 70 in Richmond, and 1 of 12 in Memphis. He concludes that New Christian merchants managed to gain control of a sizeable share of all segments of the Portuguese Atlantic slave trade during the Iberian-dominated phase of the Atlantic system.
Due to forcible conversions of Jews to Christianity many New Christians continued to practice Judaism in secretmeaning it is impossible for historians to determine what portion of these slave traders were Jewish, because to do so would require the historian to choose one of several definitions of "Jewish".
Common criticisms included the fact that the book used selective quotes, made "crude use of statistics",  and was purposefully trying to exaggerate the role of Jews.Reggae Playground [Sound Recording] Vol IV, Jackson Joe Martin Van Buren - The Little Magician, Pierre-Marie Loizeau Border-line Insanity, Tim Ramsden The Brave and the Bold, v.
1 - Lords of Luck, Mark Waid, George Perez . Here is the definitive list of Memphis's essay writers as rated by the Memphis, TN community.
Want to see who made the cut? In virtually every healthcare setting, registered nurses (RNs) staff the frontlines and provide thoughtful, patient-centered care. These professionals work in hospitals, assisted living facilities, clinics, homes, schools, and the military, sometimes even moving around the world as travel nurses.
Foreign Language Immersion Childcare Center (FLICC), Memphis, TN. likes. Quality childcare with Spanish language immersion/5(31). About the Community Health Building.
The Loewenberg College of Nursing and the School of Communication Sciences and Disorders represent two of the University's leading health care programs. Communities In Schools of Tennessee (CISTN) launched its efforts in school year and currently serves more than 10, students in 21 Memphis schools..
CISTN works to remove the non-academic barriers that prevent student success in the classroom.