For more detailed information on proper use of semicolons, consult The Canadian Style, Chapter 7.
March 14, Science writing and editing: How to write scientific names The Latin scientific name of a species, be it plant, animal, bacterium, fungus, etc.
For example, the domestic cat is known as Felis catus. Although the genus name can be used on its own there are several other species in genus Felis, for instance the wildcat, Felis silvestristhe species name never appears on its own.
The basic rule for writing a scientific name Use both genus and species name: Italicize the whole name. Capitalize only the genus name. In the past you would capitalize the species designation if it was derived from a proper name, e. Rules for abbreviating the genus name After the first use, the genus name can be abbreviated to just its initial: When a section of the text might be displayed on its own, you might want to spell out the name in full the first time it appears there.
For instance, some academic journals require that you write out the genus in full the first time it is used in the abstract, and in all tables and table captions. When you introduce the name of another species in the same genus, you can use the abbreviated genus name for the new species: If you are discussing two species that belong to different genera that nevertheless start with the same letter, say, Leopardus pardalis, the ocelot, and the Canada lynx, Lynx canadensis, it is better not to abbreviate their genus names.
Abbreviations of more than one letter: Some organisms, such as the famous study organisms E. Names of taxonomic levels above the genus level The names of higher taxonomic levels family, order, class, phylum or division, and kingdom should be capitalized but not italicized see Chicago 8.
A common name that is derived from a genus name, such as gorilla, is not capitalized either see Chicago 8.
Names of taxonomic levels below the species level Below the level of species there are subspecies and varieties. The subspecies name is italicized.
In zoology, the subspecies is not indicated by any label; it just follows the species name: If the subspecies name is the same as the species name, it can be abbreviated: The insecticide BTK is produced by Bacillus thuringiensis var. The meadow contained several sedge plants Carex sp.
The forest floor contained several species of pixie cup lichen Cladonia spp.
The species author and the sp. The author name is not italicized: The straightleaf rush is Juncus orthophyllus Coville. The name may be abbreviated. The European meadow rush is Juncus inflexus L. If the author name is in parentheses, that indicates that the species was originally assigned to a different genus.The revised edition of The Canadian Style is an indispensable language guide for editors, copywriters, students, teachers, lawyers, journalists, secretaries and business people -- in fact, anyone writing in the English language in Canada rutadeltambor.com provides concise, up-to-date answers to a host of questions on abbreviations, hyphenation, spelling, the use of Reviews: 1.
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American and/or British spellings and problems of rutadeltambor.coms: The Canadian style: a guide to writing and editing. imprint Toronto: Published by Dundurn Press in co-operation with Public Works and Government Services Canada, Translation Bureau, The Canadian Press style guides provide authoritative advice on writing & editing from Canada's national news agency.
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