The first apparent usage of the term "euthanasia" belongs to the historian Suetoniuswho described how the Emperor Augustus"dying quickly and without suffering in the arms of his wife, Livia, experienced the 'euthanasia' he had wished for. In particular, these include situations where a person kills another, painlessly, but for no reason beyond that of personal gain; or accidental deaths that are quick and painless, but not intentional. A kills another person B for the benefit of the second person, who actually does benefit from being killed". Based on this, she offered a definition incorporating those elements, stating that euthanasia "must be defined as death that results from the intention of one person to kill another person, using the most gentle and painless means possible, that is motivated solely by the best interests of the person who dies.
This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Short abstract Assisted dying remains highly topical and debated, both in the public and medical arena.
All practising physicians in the UK who care for dying patients should be aware of the proposed legislation and the potential effects on their clinical practice.
In this article we describe the important provisions of the proposed Assisted Dying for the Terminally Ill Bill in the UK and summarise the arguments for and against such legislation.
Table 1 Physician assisted suicide and euthanasia: The final act resulting in death is undertaken by the patient for example, taking pills provided by the physician.
The current version of the bill the Assisted Dying for the Terminally Ill Bill of 10 is a revised version with a number of important amendments. In particular, the current proposed legislation would only legalise physician assisted suicide and not euthanasia and physicians who conscientiously object would not now be under an obligation to refer a patient requesting assisted suicide to another physician who would agree to do so.
If the above criteria are met the patient would then sign an independently witnessed declaration A period of 14 days must pass before assistance to die is made during which time that patient may revoke their declaration While this bill has been opposed by a number of key organisations and colleges notably the Royal College of General Practitioners, 12 the Association of Palliative Medicine, 13 and the British Geriatrics Society 14others have expressed a neutral position for example, the British Medical Association 2 This reflects the division of opinion among the medical profession itself.
We need to improve access and provision of good palliative care rather than change the law. However, the bill may have the opposite effect as all patients must have palliative care involvement before assisted dying taking place: Ethical considerations A comprehensive discussion of the ethical arguments for and against assisted dying is beyond the scope of this article.
However, there are some key arguments that should be mentioned. Central to the argument supporting assisted dying is the ethical principle of respecting patient autonomy: This was met by significant objection from those opposing the bill an obligation to refer the patient to a physician who is prepared to assist their death being complicity in killing 8 and the current version has removed this obligation.
However, some would argue that relief of all suffering at the end of life is not always possible thereby defining a role for physician assisted death. Physician assisted death is controversial on the balance of a variety of arguments: Table 3 Assisted death:2 But after fourteen years of defeats, the assisted suicide campaign advanced its agenda when Washington state passed a law like Oregon’s in Dec 14, · Euthanasia is the termination of a very sick person's life in order to relieve them of their suffering.
A person who undergoes euthanasia usually has an incurable condition.
But there are other. Physician assisted suicide or euthanasia should be a right granted to all citizens who are suffering from a degenerative, painful, or fatal condition that would cause them to be unable to enjoy to enjoy their lives as healthy people do.
CHAPTER 5 - THE ETHICAL DEBATE page 87 Some proponents promote legalizing assisted suicide and voluntary euthanasia as an affirmative step to grant individuals further control over their dying process.(36) For others, the decisive principle is the right to be free of state interference when individuals voluntarily choose to end their lives.( This essay has been submitted by a law student.
This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers. United States Law And History On Euthanasia. Euthanasia and assisted dying is a controversial issue, with passionate campaigners on each side of the argument.
Jump directly to the content. So what is euthanasia and assisted suicide, and.